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Menopause- Not just a women’s problem

With serious impacts on women’s mental health, perimenopause and menopause is costing UK economy 14 million working days per year

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Kate Bache, Health & Her co-founder

As Health & Her research reveals one in ten women have suicidal thoughts during menopause, Kate Bache says menopause is a problem for both society and economy.

In the UK, 370,000 women aged between 50 and 64 have left or considered leaving their career due to the intensity of their menopause symptoms and another quarter had to reduce their hours or change their working pattern entirely.

Such figures suggest a huge need for support, says Kate Bache, co-founder of Health & Her – a platform offering expert advice and products for women experiencing perimenopause and menopause.

Her company’s research has shown that one in ten women have suicidal thoughts during perimenopause and nine in ten are struggling with their mental health while also having the highest rate of divorce.

“These are just the facts,” Bache explains. “But they don’t tell you about the impacts on perhaps women’s children or their elderly parents. With many women being the nucleus of their family and community, menopause is definitely having a big societal effect.

“It is a problem for both society and economy,” she continues. “That’s why it’s really important to make progress and start talking about it.

“It’s unfortunate that there are still people out there who don’t take menopause seriously. I don’t think women are being self-centred with regards to menopause. In fact, if anything, they’re being selfless by making sure that they are healthy and feeling good about themselves so that they can continue to do everything they do every day.”

To help employers, Health & Her has launched a personalised employer menopause support plan that allows companies to empower their workers with specialist advice and training,  along with an app that helps women track their symptoms, learn about their body and build new habits.

“A lot of the psychology around tracking your perimenopause and menopause symptoms is about taking control and understanding your own self and the app helps women do exactly that,” Bache tells me. “We knew this was a really important part of what we should do and we’ve always taken a very holistic approach. We wanted to empower women to make the right decision for them, their symptoms and their journey.”

Different lifestyle factors and daily habits can have a great impact on women’s symptoms. Studies have suggested that cognitive behavioural therapy is a non-medical approach that can be helpful for symptoms such as hot flashes, anxiety, low mood and even low libido.

The co-founder says that: “It’s not as easy as just taking a pill. Unfortunately, to improve your symptoms, you have to look at other health aspects in your life alongside that.

“So, we looked at evidence and we tried to bring that to women in the best accessible way,” she adds. “One of the reasons why many users think our app is different is because of the daily reminders and tools that help them make small changes in their life.

“Our pelvic floor exercise did very well and other sleep, meditation and breathing exercises help women enormously with all sorts of symptoms like anxiety, mental health and insomnia.”

             Between 70 and 80 per cent of the women who used the Health & Her app noticed improvement in their symptoms

Although women’s life stages have been historically neglected, Bache says that things are starting to change. “I think there is a rightly so more conversation opening up,” she points out.

“Women are now having the opportunity to be in positions of power that can really drive that forward. But menopause awareness is more needed than ever because it’s having an even bigger impact on society.”

Recent studies have shown that women are more at risk of osteoporosis and heart disease post-menopause and the way they manage their menopause symptoms has been seen as an important factor in determining their health in later life.

“Women start to understand that it is something bigger here and that there are many ways they can take care of themselves,” Kate Bache says.

“Data is critical in this entire sector, because it will create better products, better technology and will inform and help healthcare professionals and health systems to provide better care,” she continues.

“Our team are unearthing insights all the time and we will be looking to make all that information available to healthcare professionals. That’s going to take a few years, but we absolutely see ourselves as being that thought leader.

“Fundamentally, our focus is on menopause, perimenopause and post-menopause, but there are still a lot of gaps everywhere [in the sector] in terms of insights and understanding. There is so much more that can be done.”

The co-founder is excited about improving and expanding Health & Her geographically. “What’s really important to us now is to expand our services and continue to innovate as rapidly as we have been doing.”

Download the free Health & Her app on App Store and Google Play.

For more info, visit healthandher.com.

Sorina Mihaila is the Femtech World editor, covering technology, research and innovation in women's health. Sorina is also a contributor for the neuro-rehabilitation magazine NR Times.

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What Iceland can teach the world about gender equality in tech

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Áslaug Arna Sigurbjörnsdóttir speaking at the Nordic Women in Tech Awards in Reykjavík

The recent surge in artificial intelligence (AI) is reviving the tech industry, but gender bias is preventing women from joining the sector. Sorina Mihaila travelled to Reykjavík to find out what needs to change.

When, as a 24-year-old lawyer, Áslaug Arna Sigurbjörnsdóttir ran as the secretary of the Independence Party in Iceland she had one goal: to make an impact.

Eight years later, in a packed conference hall in her native Reykjavík, Sigurbjörnsdóttir, now Iceland’s Minister of Higher Education, Science and Innovation, maintained she has the same mission.

“I was lucky to be born in a world where a female was president of Iceland,” she told a crowd of 200+ delegates at the Nordic Women in Tech Awards, referring to Iceland’s former president, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, the first elected female head of state in the world.

“Icelandic women have changed the world and I believe we can do it again.”

In the light of October’s “kvennafrí”, the country’s first full-day women’s strike since 1975 when women stopped work in protest at gender inequality, Sigurbjörnsdóttir echoed many Icelandic women’s view when she said equality is still far from being achieved. 

“Iceland has been ranked the best country in the world for gender equality by the World Economic Forum for 14 years in a row. But we need to do more,” she explained.

Touching on the role models that helped her become the person that she is today, Sigurbjörnsdóttir told the audience that she believes in innovation and she believes progress in innovation means recognising women for their contributions.

It was truly an empowering atmosphere – a beautiful way of celebrating women in the world’s most gender-equal country.

As I’ve come to realise during my time in Iceland, Icelanders are receptive to innovation and therefore adoption of new technology in this small island nation happens quickly. Focusing on women in tech feels, in this context, not only necessary but essential.

One organisation that caught my eye in this sense was WomenTechIceland, the non-profit behind this year’s Nordic Women in Tech Awards.

Started as a Facebook group, WomenTechIceland was officially registered as a non-profit organisation in 2021 by founders Paula Gould and Valenttina Griffin and dedicated its work towards encouraging equality in the tech industry.

Since 2017, the organisation has been working with visiting businesses, dignitaries, personas and influential voices in tech to host special events, panel discussions and online events to connect Iceland’s tech ecosystem with the global tech community.

Sigurbjörnsdóttir echoed many Icelandic women’s view when she said equality is still far from being achieved

Reykjavík-based venture capital firm Crowberry Capital is too on a mission to support women building businesses around technology advances.

As the only major Nordic venture fund headed by an all-female team, the firm has achieved recognition for focusing on backing founders who have traditionally not had access to capital.

In 2021 the company, led by founders Hekla Arnardottir, Helga Valfells and Jenny Ruth Hrafnsdottir, launched a US$90m fund to invest in technology start-ups in the Nordics, with a focus on supporting businesses in emerging tech sectors, with a particular emphasis on encouraging inclusivity.

Their reason? “To demonstrate that the region can also show the way in terms of inventive venture support.”

Whether it’s IT, sustainability, femtech or digital health, the tech industry unarguably needs more gender diversity to continue thriving.

For starters, gender diversity encourages divergent ways of thinking, which can improve quality in the ideas output. This, in turn, drives innovation and growth.

Countries like Iceland have shown us that improving gender equality is a great place to start, but there’s still some way to go.

Women must be able to see that they can have an exciting career in technology and succeed. That means fostering an inclusive work culture, advocating for better representation and introducing more family-friendly policies.

As minister Sigurbjörnsdóttir rightly put it on stage: “If we want to make an impact, we need to engage, participate, campaign and put words into action.”

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‘I went undiagnosed for 15 years’ – the researcher leading the fight against endometriosis

The lack of research in endometriosis and her experience of the disease have prompted Dora Koller to study the condition herself

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Dora Koller, postdoctoral fellow at the University of Barcelona and Yale University School of Medicine

When Dora Koller noticed her first endometriosis symptoms, she was 14, but it wasn’t until she turned 29 that she got a diagnosis.

“They say diagnosis time is between four and 11 years. In my case, it was 15,” she explains.

One might have thought her background would have made a difference – Dora is a postdoctoral researcher in computational genomics at Yale University and the University of Barcelona. However, it didn’t.

“I had to keep insisting because I knew something was wrong,” she says.

“I understand biology, but I can’t imagine how it must be for someone who doesn’t have my background.”

One in 10 women of reproductive age has endometriosis, yet often their primary care doctors do not know what it is and the specialists to whom they are sent are ill-informed.

Vast numbers of women go undiagnosed or under-treated, with some scientists arguing endometriosis is an example of “undone science”. However, Koller thinks the issue goes beyond research.

“Often patients with endometriosis get diagnosed when they present with infertility and the fact that women are not properly represented in the medical profession is partly responsible for that,” she says.

“Gynaecology has been a very male-dominated field and [conditions like endometriosis] have not been a priority. The priority was for us to procreate. When that didn’t happen, they may have started thinking about what’s happening to us. Otherwise, pain wasn’t important.”

The under-representation of women, the lack of research in endometriosis and her experience of the disease have prompted Koller to study the condition herself.

“I work in the field of psychiatry, but having endometriosis made me interested in knowing as much as possible about it,” she says.

“I wanted to connect the two and understand the link between endometriosis and mental health.”

Her latest research – the largest epidemiological study to date on the psychiatric factors that can accompany endometriosis – has demonstrated that depression, anxiety, and eating disorders are not only a result of the chronic pain endometriosis generates, but also have their own underlying genetic mechanisms.

“It’s a great result, because now we can say that it’s not women’s fault.

“For a long time, researchers thought endometriosis was just a gynaecological disease — that it didn’t affect anything but female reproduction, and so women were often only treated when they presented with infertility.

“Now, we have to acknowledge that the effects of endometriosis extend far beyond reproduction.”

Although she thinks understanding the impact of endometriosis is important, Koller says diagnosis and treatment should remain a priority.

“The fact that it’s 2023 and the only available diagnostic method for endometriosis is surgery is unacceptable.”

‘This is not just a conversation between scientists’

There is still a long way to go to address the challenges in diagnosing and managing endometriosis, but by raising awareness the researcher believes we can open up the conversation.

“I always like to talk about this based on what happened 10 years ago with breast cancer,” she says.

“We saw women and campaigners talking about breast cancer and now everyone is aware how common it is. I think something similar is happening with endometriosis.”

However, not all countries are involved in this discussion. According to the World Health Organization, in many places, the general public and healthcare providers are not aware that life-altering pelvic pain is not normal, leading to a normalisation and stigmatisation of endometriosis.

“The change is happening mostly in the West, but we need to make more efforts to bring it everywhere and raise awareness everywhere,” Koller agrees.

“Most of the things [we are seeing] appear in English or Spanish which makes it harder to reach people who don’t speak those languages. We need to translate that information to other languages to reach as many people as possible.

“Scientists, myself included, also need to work on translating the information to the public, because often we’re using difficult language that people can’t understand.

“This is not just a conversation between scientists. This is a conversation that needs to involve patients and the general public.”

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Female empowerment: A bra for the pelvic floor? Yes, please

Your pelvic floor is essential to daily function. So why are we still not talking about it?

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We know how vital your bra is. What if we told you there’s one for your pelvic floor? Sorina Mihaila speaks to the founders behind the groundbreaking innovation.

Pelvic floor health is a critical aspect of a woman’s overall wellbeing. The pelvic floor muscles, located at the base of the pelvis, consists of muscles and connective tissues that support important organs, including the bladder, bowel and reproductive organs.

Weak or dysfunctional pelvic floor muscles can lead to a range of health issues, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and sexual dysfunction.

According to UChicago Medicine, at least one in three women will experience a pelvic floor disorder in her lifetime, with one in four over the age of 20 suffering from pelvic floor symptoms.

Despite this, a UK survey found that 69 per cent of women had not spoken to their health professional about their pelvic floor health. In many cultures, it is still considered taboo or embarrassing, leading to shame and a lack of discussion about it.

Anna Maria Ullmann, Yair Kira and Kaven Baessler, founders of the Berlin-based start-up YoniCore, think the stigma and lack of awareness are the biggest obstacles preventing women from seeking help.

“Many women are simply not used to take care of their pelvic floor and look at conditions affecting their pelvic floor,” says Ullmann.

With little innovation happening in this space, the trio is committed to disrupting the market and improving the quality of life of millions of women. Their product? A small device that supports the pelvic floor and improves bladder control with one press of a button.

“We call it the bra for the pelvic floor,” says Ullmann. “Women with pelvic floor dysfunctions are often not able to enjoy everything they used to so with YoniCore, we wanted to solve that and help them get their lives back.”

The device, which inserts into the vagina like a tampon, inflates to fit a woman’s unique body structure and provide optimal support. Used with the accompanying app, it also promises to help users do their pelvic floor exercises and strengthen their muscles.

Empowerment and education

While the immediate relief is important, Ullmann says their real mission goes much further than that.

“We want to come and say, Hey, it’s okay to talk about your pelvic floor, it’s okay to take care of it and put it on our priority list.

Anna Maria Ullmann and Yair Kira, founders of YoniCore

“We think this is an issue of education and a societal problem. As a business, we really want to be part of this societal shift and change how women perceive their body.

“We aim to build a community to empower women to educate themselves and learn about their body and create the biggest database on pelvic floor health,” she continues.

“We believe that there are many other conditions we could look at. With a big database, we can start treating other diseases and for us, that’s really empowering.”

Kira, her co-founder, acknowledges the challenges of bringing the product to market, but he’s optimistic.

“Not getting enough support is frustrating, but we are hoping to fulfil our mission regardless” he explains.

“We are already seeing changes in society. Women are a lot more comfortable using menstrual cups and tracking their cycle. My mother is in her 70s and she uses a smartwatch,” he laughs.

“Here in Berlin, there are many companies developing products to change the way our society deals with women’s health. So, we are really proud to be part of that.”

The entrepreneurs have big plans. After bagging the Deep Tech Award Berlin last month, the duo announced a collaboration with the health tech company Thaumatec to build an MVP for their application and get support with building the first version of the YoniCore app.

“We are also in fundraising,” adds Ullmann. “We are trying to go through this with more validation and we are also focusing on kicking off our marketing strategies to build this community that we think will be very important in our mission with YoniCore.

“In addition, we are focusing on going into R&D with our suppliers that will then produce the product.”

If approved as a medical device, the futuristic pelvic floor bra could be available as soon as 2025.

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