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Tour de France 2022 – how tech is closing the gender gap in cycling

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Michele McGuire, vice president of managed services delivery at NTT, official IT partner of Tour de France tells Femtech World about technology’s power to close cycling’s gender gap. 

Contributing factors to the gender-based financial divide in sports include disproportionate sponsorship deals, unequal representation in sports governance and gaps in media coverage of women’s competition.

In the world of cycling, however, things are changing through an approach which is harnessing the potential of technology to drive change.

“We are actually driving digital equality across women’s and men’s races, and this is happening for the very first time,” says Michele McGuire, vice president of managed services delivery at NTT, official IT partner of Tour de France.

“If you ever tried to watch women’s cycling you must have noticed that you get no information about it: you only know what you see on television.”

NTT helped to bring about a digital transformation of this year’s Tour de France Femmes  enabling, for the first time in history, the same level of media coverage and standard of technology as the men’s race. 

This year’s Tour de France Femmes saw the creation of the world’s largest connected stadium, where data helped race organisers monitor key locations, assets, crowd information, and live race data to enable more smooth race operations.

An image of the Tour de France Femmes 2022 in Paris

Data also provided a rich experience to fans at the event and around the world. This included data-driven insights and AI predictions across social media and TV and a race centre bringing together commentary and social media. 

“Thanks to technology solutions, advanced analytics and machine learning, we created a deeper experience for fans showing them how the race actually plays out,” says McGuire, who had a front row view of the tour.

“To do so, we created various ways of getting information to the fans which bring them closer to the cyclists.

“We know that not anybody can seat in front of a TV to watch the race, so we created an immersive reality for fans to use on their phones.”

NTT created an augmented reality available on the Apple and Android app stores that allowed fans to trace the races in 3D.

“Fans can angle their phones at 45 degrees and have a 3D view of the profile of the cyclists, of the route they’re on, of the tracks etc. ,” says McGuire. 

To enhance the fans’ experience, the Tour de France Femmes 2022 was accompanied by “digital human” Marianne; who takes her name from the winner of the first race in 1984, Marianne Martin. 

Fans can ask Marianne any questions about the race, about the favourites of the day and about the winners of the past races. 

NTT also brought many innovations in the field of race operations. These included IT sensors that have been placed on tracks, on race routes and race vehicles.

By placing these sensors, and by collecting the data from it, NTT was also able to create a complete view of the entire race operations.

“What this means is that we can actually see on the screen who is where and what’s happening in and around the race,” says McGuire.

“We’re doing this to lift the profile of women cyclists. We’re showing people what they’re capable of doing. This means that women are actually getting a true view of what women cycling is about.”

McGuire explains that the future goal is to attract as many women as possible to the sport: “The key part is digital equality. Creating equality and inclusivity will allow women sports to flourish.”

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Why we must prioritise R&D to uplift maternal health standards

By Angela Brady, global innovation and partnering director at global health and nutrition company H&H Group

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Angela Brady, global innovation and partnering director at H&H Group

By investing in R&D for maternal health, we can offer women more choice and support to improve their experience throughout their journey.

Over the past few years, significant strides have been made in advancing maternal health, and supporting more women in their journey to motherhood – from predictive diagnostic tools to AI-enabled ultrasounds. Nonetheless, we still have a long way to go.

Far too many expectant mothers are still lacking the essential resources needed to nurture a healthy pregnancy. Recent research shows a staggering 90 per cent of women trying for a baby lack essential nutrients needed for a healthy pregnancy.

The research found that in pre-conception, nine in 10 women had marginal or low levels of folate, riboflavin, vitamin B12 or vitamin D. Moreover, many in their later stages of pregnancy showed signs of vitamin B6 deficiency.

These widespread deficiencies in critical nutrients pose significant risks to maternal health and foetal development, underscoring the urgent need to address them and better support women.

These deficiencies can have long term consequences for the child, impairing their physical and cognitive development, which is why nutrition is so important prior to, and during pregnancy. With the stakes this high, empowering women with the nutritional supplements needed to ensure they are supported throughout their journey to motherhood is vital.

Opening up access and educating women on the importance of these nutrients are the first steps for healthcare providers. Still, we all have a shared responsibility in improving and setting new standards for maternal health and prenatal wellness long term.

To tackle the crisis of deficiencies among expectant mothers and those looking to conceive, ongoing research and development (R&D) in maternal health needs to be prioritised.

Investing in progress – learning from women, to better support women

By gaining a deeper understanding of maternal health and foetal development, we can innovate ingredients that are both more accessible and of a higher quality for women.

Achieving this, however, requires more investment into research that identifies current disparities and nutrient gaps, and investigates initiatives and supplements that can address these issues, including the mental health of the mother.

Mental wellbeing pre-conception and during pregnancy are often overlooked and it’s crucial that women receive the appropriate support at these times and including postpartum. This holistic approach of supporting physical and mental wellbeing reduces the likelihood of complications during pregnancy which could have long term health consequences for mother and child.

It also maximises the postpartum bonding where developing emotional connection and attachment facilitates breastfeeding and stimulates social growth.

It’s encouraging to see foundations such as the Gates Foundation invest in R&D to spur innovations in health and nutrition that can improve maternal health outcomes and aid prevention, detection and treatment of conditions that affect women.

In the global wellness space, H&H Group’s non-profit research organisation, BINC (Biostime Institute Nutrition and Care), is spearheading research to support more women in their journey to motherhood.

We know pioneering initiatives to advance the story for good maternal health – from preconception to early child infancy – is critical. To combat nutrient deficiencies and enhance access to prenatal vitamins for maternal and infant health and wellness, we must put efforts into research first.

By continuing to invest in R&D for maternal health, we can offer women more choice and support to improve their experience throughout their journey, raising the standards for maternal health.

Plugging nutrition gaps – translating insights into innovative solutions

For women with busy lifestyles, getting the exact right amount of nutrients needed can be challenging. It doesn’t help that at a time where women are already contending with pregnancy related challenges – both mental and physical – they are also in a critical window where nutrition is paramount.

With all this in mind, it can understandably be difficult to keep track of nutritional intake, which is why a simpler solution is needed.

Simply put, for women struggling to intake the key vitamins and nutrients needed to support a healthy pregnancy, there needs to be better, and more accessible options available, such as wearables and at-home diagnostics for monitoring and tracking maternal and foetal health.

The hope is that by prioritising R&D, we can create more innovative products that can plug this gap, and tackle deficiencies head on.

With more pioneering research, we can develop more products and solutions to nurture healthy pregnancies and set new standards for health, wellness and care.

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Don’t believe the social-media hype: why collagen face masks will probably let your skin down

By Melissa Snover, registered nutritionist and founder of Nourished

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Melissa Snover, registered nutritionist and founder of Nourished

Melissa Snover, registered nutritionist and founder of Nourished personalised nutrient stacks, explains why the claims made for collagen skin treatments should be treated with a great deal of caution

Recently, there has been significant attention on social media and in the press, about how collagen face masks, creams and serums are a wonderful way to have firmer, younger-looking skin.

Beauty influencers have been talking about how masks make their skin plumper and even given them fuller lips. Meanwhile, we’re told that numerous celebrities swear by collagen serums and creams.

Collagen is, indeed, a vital protein for maintaining the health of your skin. As you get older, your body produces less, your skin dries and wrinkles appear.

Boosting your levels is definitely a way of delaying the appearance of aging. Your skin will become more elastic, and it will look fresher and less tired. But collagen creams, face masks and serums aren’t the best way forward. How well they work is open to a great deal of doubt. It should possibly go without saying, but don’t trust everything you see or hear on Instagram, TikTok and the like.

Influencers and marketing teams will tell you that applying a face mask or serum are great ways to absorb collagen into your skin. However, collagen molecules are quite large – usually too large to move through your skin into your bloodstream, which is where they are needed if they are going to be broken down and have real impact.

When placed in a cream or mask, these molecules are largely going to just sit on or near the skin’s surface. Collagen masks and serums may moisturise your skin and make it look healthier and firmer, in the short term. They may contain other ingredients than can help nourish it but they are unlikely to bring any long-term benefits through collagen.

Many social media reviews and posts about collagen creams and masks talk about instant effects. These may even be visible on camera, such as plumper skin reducing the appearance of fine lines, but they don’t tend to focus on long-term benefits.

Influencers aren’t usually qualified dermatologists or nutritionists. They don’t always have an in-depth understanding of how to maintain skin health in a lasting way.

Some collagen masks and serums contain hydrolysed collagen. These are smaller protein chains that you may have heard are easier for the skin to absorb. This is true, to an extent, but be wary of online or marketing exaggeration. The collagen they contain is still very unlikely to penetrate deep enough to have substantial effects.

The best way to get collagen into your system is through nutritional supplements and stacks – pills, drinks and gummies whose ingredients are absorbed quickly by the bloodstream. They supply the body directly with collagen and collagen peptides break down into amino acids to support the body’s own production of further collagen.

Over days and weeks – not instantly, as the TikTok videos may have you believe with face masks – your skin will become more radiant and should have fewer wrinkles. You’ll also boost your joint health.

Pro-collagen skin masks and creams promise to provide ingredients, such as vitamin C, that stimulate the body to produce its own collagen but even these are far less likely to have long-term positive effects than a supplement that contains collagen and pro-collagens.

In an era where social media can often blur the lines between marketing and science, it is crucial to rely on evidence-based practices for health and wellness.

Content creators often lack the expertise of medical experts and can make exaggerated or false claims without scientific studies to back them up.

They may not do this deliberately but they are in the business of likes, views and leaping on to the latest trends, not following carefully conducted research and studies. They also generally can’t give personalised advice, potentially leading to ineffective or even damaging results.

Nourished provides personalised nutrition stacks containing countless combinations of everything from zinc to ginseng and beetroot. They can boost your bones, your heart, energy – and your skin.

Our Collagen+ Stacks, contain Ovoderm®, a premium source of collagen consisting of over 400 proteins and Collagen I, V & X. The product is created from eggshell waste, so is more sustainable than many animal or marine-derived collagen brands, which are associated with poor animal-welfare practices and overfishing. 

For more information, visit get-nourished.com/

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From PCOS to thyroid troubles- an exploration of women’s hormones

By Dr Haleema Sheikh, a specialist in integrative women’s health and bioidentical hormone balancing for the Marion Gluck Clinic

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Dr Haleema Sheikh, a specialist in integrative women's health and bioidentical hormone balancing for the Marion Gluck Clinic

Hormones are our bodies’ communication messengers. They are chemicals that are released by one organ/tissue that are carried in the blood and impact another organ/tissue and thus coordinate different functions in our body.

These signals tell your body what to do and when to do it and cause significant issues when there is hormonal imbalance.

Hormonal balance is very often related to our lifestyle. The environment we bathe our genes in impacts which genes are switched on and off.

Our body is always trying to be balanced and so our hormones adapt to try to create balance within the body and are a reflection of environmental and mental inputs.

Unlike men who have a 24hr testosterone cycle with testosterone peaking in the morning, the female menstrual cycle requires a complex dance of hormones to interplay to release an egg monthly.

This includes building up the lining of the womb in preparation for a fertilised egg and if there is no pregnancy to allow the lining to break down and start the whole process again.

This roughly 28-day cycle can be easily unbalanced by a number of factors, including poor nutrition, suboptimal movement, disturbed sleep, excess stress, poor relationships and high toxic burden from environmental toxins.

Reproductive hormonal symptoms can show up in a variety of ways including painful and/or heavy periods, infertility, altered cycle and PMS.

PCOS is a common (one in five to 10 women) but often poorly understood whole body hormonal/metabolic disorder that affects women of reproductive age.

The defining feature of PCOS is irregular/anovulatory cycles and the over-production of male type hormones- androgens. The increased androgens can lead to acne, oily skin and hirsutism.

Many women with PCOS also struggle with weight gain, particularly in the abdominal area.

The irregular cycles can interfere with getting pregnant and so balancing the hormones is key to restoring fertility.

There are genetic predispositions for PCOS which had a survival advantage in the past when food was scarce, and we had to fight predators.

It has been said that women with PCOS have the genes of warrior princesses and this is why it has perpetuated.

Women with this condition are struggling in today’s modern society because we are often sitting at work for hours at a time and then sitting in front of screens in the evening.

Our genes expect movement in the day and to follow natural rhythms and the sedentary nature of modern day life results in a mismatch and health issues.

The name arises from the multiple follicles seen on ultrasound of affected women- these are not true cysts.

Many young women will have these appearances and should not be automatically diagnosed with PCOS unless they have the androgen excess symptoms and irregular periods.

Women suffering from PCOS have hormonal imbalance that has a few root causes including blood sugar regulation (insulin resistance), inflammation and poor gut health. Addressing these areas is foundational to managing and reversing PCOS symptoms.

The conventional medical model is focussed on managing symptoms of PCOS and will often result in putting women on the pill to regulate periods and reduce androgen symptoms, but this is not dealing with the root cause and bringing the body back into balance.

When women have difficulty getting pregnant, they are given drugs to try to induce ovulation or referred for IVF. These are useful options to explore when lifestyle interventions have not been fruitful and should remain a reserve option.

The functional medicine approach to PCOS focuses on:

  1. Optimising diet to improve insulin sensitivity through encouraging low-carb nutrition which helps improve insulin resistance a cornerstone driver of the condition.
  2. Supporting gut health to reduce inflammation which is another key factor. Pre and probiotics can support the gut microbiome which modulate hormone balance and detoxification.
  3. Reducing exposed to toxic ‘endocrine disrupters’ in the environment like BPA in plastics because they’ve been shown to disrupt the hormonal system by altering the way in which hormones interact with their receptors and how they are used/ metabolised within the body. Thesexenoestrogens can be found in plastic bottles/containers and in many skincare products/makeup which get absorbed through the skin so it is important to use ‘clean’ products and work on minimising exposure.
  4. Minimising stress through lifestyle tweaks like meditation and yoga which help support the parasympathetic rest and digest nervous system.
  5. Using targeted supplements and herbs to support hormones further, including magnesium, which improves insulin sensitivity and is anti-inflammatory, omega 3 fatty acids, inositol and zinc.

We can also use natural bioidentical progesterone to help women with PCOS kick start a regular ovulatory cycle.

Progesterone is released in the second half of the cycle after ovulation.

Professor Jerilyn Prior has been a pioneer in her work on the use of cyclical natural progesterone for two weeks on and two weeks off to help trigger ovulation in women who are not ovulating, and this helps correct the hormonal imbalance. This can fully explored in a bioidentical hormone clinic.

Thus, in the example of PCOS we can see the far-reaching, whole-body consequences of reproductive hormone balance.

Interestingly, women are also five to eight times more likely than men to have thyroid hormone problems, with one in eight women developing a thyroid disorder during her lifetime.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck that produces hormones (thyroxine) essential for regulating metabolism, body temperature, energy, heart rate, menstrual cycle, mood, and hair and nail growth.

Essentially, it serves as the body’s thermostat controlling how fast things happen in the body by its actions on different organs/tissues.

There are two main categories of thyroid problems hypothyroidism (an under-active thyroid) and hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid).

In the case of hypothyroidism, the body literally slows down and causes symptoms like weight gain, brain fog, constipation and sluggishness.

The thyroid is not producing enough of the thyroid hormones – triiodothyronine T3 (active form) orthyroxine T4 or both.

The thyroid is a sentinel gland assessing the environment and ensuring the body adapts appropriately.  It requires a number of nutrients to function optimally and lack of these can cause it to under function. These nutrients include selenium, zinc, vitamin A, iron and iodine.

Reversing these deficiencies can help the thyroid improve its functioning.

In addition, the immune system can become muddled and produce autoantibodies which mark the thyroid for destruction by the white cells of the immune system. This is called Hashimoto’s disease an autoimmune condition which is more common amongst women.

There is a triad of genetic predisposition, increased gut wall permeability which allows the immune system to be more activated and a trigger e.g. stress/gluten exposure which ignites the whole process resulting in the production of antibodies which label the thyroid as foreign and for attack.

The conventional medical model works on trying to reduce the symptoms of hypothyroidism by giving replacement thyroxine support.

This can help the situation but does not address the immune activations and high levels of antibodies causing the thyroid to be attacked. Patients will feel a bit better, but it certainly does not bring vitality and full wellbeing to the majority.

In the functional medicine world patients are often given replacement hormone but there will also be emphasis on addressing the root cause by:

  1. Improving gut health and reducing gut permeability. This requires working on the gut microbiome and nutrition. 85 per cent of patients with Hashimoto’s do better on a gluten-free diet because there is molecular mimicry between the gluten molecule and the thyroid and in individuals with a genetic predisposition the immune system reaction against gluten ingested can also target thyroid tissue.
  2. Working on the other pillars of health sleep, relaxation and movement can also help bring the body back into balance and help the immune activation.
  3. Ensuring there are not nutritional deficiencies impacting the gland.

Women in the perimenopause and menopause are more at risk of thyroid disorders as there are oestrogen receptors on the thyroid and at this time there is hormonal fluctuations which can trigger thyroid dysfunction.

During the menopause, as a result of the lack of estrogen, thyroid function can be suboptimal and this can contribute to the menopausal weight gain around the middle that happens and the deterioration in lipid panels.

We can see how endocrine glands interact with each other; the body has a complex web of interconnection which help keep the body in balance.

When we are seeing hormonal dysfunction symptoms is important not only to look at symptoms control but to look at deeper root causes driving the issues.

Careful consideration to the environment we are bathing our genes is key to optimal hormonal health and this is best done with a medical professional who understands the importance of hormonal health.

To find out more, visit the Marion Gluck Clinic.

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