Connect with us

News

The innovators driving the period tracking tech revolution

Published

on

Period tracking has moved on from the days of jotting down dates in your diary and menstrual apps have been in business for a while now. But with femtech a growing market, having exploded so much over the past 12 months that it is predicted to be worth US$60 billion by 2027, period tracking is getting increasingly advanced, as Femtech World discovers.

Period tracking apps heralded the start of the focus on femtech, which has since developed into a lucrative industry, tapping into what has traditionally been a somewhat neglected field of healthcare.

However, there is still plenty of development going on in the field of tracking women’s menstrual cycles, with new innovations – and, admittedly, concerns – arriving on the scene all the time.

These are just some of the latest developments.

Choosing a tracker

While period trackers have one main goal – to track menstrual cycles – not all are created equal, and some may be more or less suitable depending on why a woman is tracking her period.

With reasons ranging from fertility concerns to preparing for menopause, the apps currently on the market perform a range of functions; some are a simple tracker, while others are more educational and interactive.

In a comparison of the main brands on the market, Nandhini Gopal, founder of Femcy, an app for menstrual health guidance, found that Flo, which has more than 200 million users, had the most all-round features, from tracking and analytics to knowledge courses and anonymous communities.

Meanwhile, Glow was commended for catering to the whole menstrual cycle in detail, from tracking period, trying to conceive, tracking pregnancy and caring for a newborn.

All together

Femtech company Orchyd has taken period tracking one step further, launching an app along with a connected smart wallet to store a one-day supply of period products.

The app will track users’ periods, ovulation and overall health, using artificial intelligence in order to collect information about a user’s history. Women can also set up the app to give them alerts telling them when to remove tampons, to avoid the risk of toxic shock syndrome.

The tool can also alert users a few days before their expected period with a reminder to be ready and make sure they have everything they need in the associated smart wallet.

Ending period poverty

It was only a matter of time before women’s hygiene brands entered the tracking app market, and Always did so earlier this year – with a difference.

In partnership with behaviour change technology company Thrive Global, the firm launched the Always You app, a period tracker and wellness app that also aims to end period poverty.

The tracker also leverages Thrive Global’s expertise to bring users exclusive Thrive Microsteps – small, science-backed actions users can take to build positive habits.

For every new Always You registration and for every 100 donation points earned, Always pledged to donate one period product to US non-profit Feeding America, up to a maximum donation of 1,000,000 pads.

Users earn 20 points for every period or bladder leak event tracked, with a maximum of 200 per month, 10 donation points per day by completing all Microsteps, and five donation points for each piece of content consumed.

Ringing the changes

Most period trackers are found on either phones or smart watches, such as FitBits or Apple Watches. However, in October, Oura, a sleep and activity tracker ring, announced the addition of a menstrual tracker to its Generation 3 smart ring.

The ring will use changes in temperature and user feedback to predict when a women might get her period up to 30 days in advance. Body temperature changes through the menstrual cycle, rising just before ovulation and falling as menstruation begins.

The company said period prediction was only the beginning of its interest in menstruation and fertility, as the area is currently underinvested. A study in partnership with researchers at the University of California San Diego has previously showed that the Oura ring can use temperature changes to identify pregnancy around nine days before an at-home pregnancy test, although pregnancy prediction is not part of the device at this point.

Privacy issues

As women share their most intimate health details with apps and wearables, it is not surprising that some privacy concerns have come to light.

As Michelle Richardson, director of the Privacy and Data Project at the US Center for Democracy and Technology, told Marie Clare: “Everything I put into my period-tracking app is fair game to be sold.”

Reports of women downloading a pregnancy app only to be bombarded with baby-related ads on their phones are commonplace.

A study, led by Lori Andrews, a professor at Chicago-Kent College of Law, backed those reports up. Her team set up a tracking device to monitor 600 medical apps, of which some collected period data, and found that the majority sent identifiable information such as a user’s prescriptions to both the app developer and marketing companies.

As Andrews points out, such tracking could have real-life repercussions for women, especially in the US where many employers encourage staff to use such apps. “There are real possibilities women could get fired because they’ve disclosed [to an app] they were trying to conceive,” she says.

 

News

Femtech must acknowledge the risk of perpetuating medical racism, say campaigners

Campaigners have warned that health tools could overlook women from marginalised communities

Published

on

Femtech must acknowledge the risk of perpetuating medical racism, campaigners have warned, amid concern that the sector could perpetuate long-standing racial inequities.

Femtech is already showing promise to help clinicians make better diagnoses and support women with managing their health.

But as excitement grows, campaigners have warned that these powerful tools could overlook women from marginalised communities and perpetuate long-standing racial inequities in how care is delivered.

“Any technology meant to help people track and improve women’s health outcomes must be inclusive and anti-racist,” Dr Regina Davis Moss, president and CEO of In Our Own Voice, told Femtech World.

“Black women have historically been disregarded, overlooked and undermined by the medical technology industry. It is past time for our interests and needs to be prioritised in clinical trials and other forms of scientific research.

“Femtech companies must ensure that their research and clinical trials equitably involve communities of all backgrounds.”

Around 2,000 femtech companies and apps have sprung up in the last decade to address women’s needs, including tracking apps, fertility solutions and menopause platforms.

These new tools are often built using machine learning, a subset of AI where algorithms are trained to find patterns in large data sets like billing information and test results.

The data these algorithms are built on, however, often reflect inequities and bias that have long plagued the healthcare system. Research shows clinicians often provide different care to white patients and patients of colour. Those differences in how patients are treated get immortalised in data, which are then used to train algorithms.

“When our research omits subsets of the population, the accuracy and potential benefits of that research do not extend to those who disproportionately bear the burden of disease,” said Dr Monique Gary, breast surgical oncologist at Grand View Health.

“We are seeing already how AI can harm marginalised communities, where biased algorithms require racial or ethnic minorities to be considerably ‘more ill’ than their white counterparts to receive the same diagnosis, treatment, or resource. This is perilous and avoidable.”

To create responsible and equitable technologies that include BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and people of colour) women, Gary said companies could start identifying and recruiting experts of colour, via pipeline programmes and incubators.

“We need to start listening to, believing and supporting the voices of Black women,” she said.

“In 2024, women of all ages and races, ethnicities and orientations are telling us out loud what they need to actualise a better version of healthcare which incorporates significant tech utilisation. It’s now up to us to listen.”

Ashley Jones, creative director of Tones of Melanin, said femtech must acknowledge the risk of perpetuating medical racism and prioritise inclusivity.

“Companies in femtech should actively seek out diverse perspectives and experiences, particularly from BIPOC women, in both their datasets and research.

“This includes collaborating with BIPOC brands, stakeholders and organisations to ensure that their products address the specific needs and concerns of BIPOC women.”

Tech developers, Jones said, could address racism by implementing robust diversity and inclusion initiatives within their teams, actively seeking out BIPOC voices in decision-making processes and educating themselves on the unique experiences of BIPOC women in healthcare.

Sylvia Kang, co-founder and CEO at Mira, pointed out that femtech companies should also focus on affordability, as cost can be preventing women from marginalised communities from accessing healthcare.

“Most of the people that can access femtech tools for their health are white mid-to-high income women,” Kang explained.

“Unfortunately, there are some communities, including BIPOC that do not have enough resources to purchase these tools.

“I believe it’s our responsibility to take action and democratise our data and tools in specific ways.”

To receive the Femtech World newsletter, sign up here.

Continue Reading

News

US start-up raises US$4.3m to address maternal mental health

The funding is hoped to help FamilyWell scale throughout New England and expand nationally

Published

on

The US mental health start-up FamilyWell Health has raised US$4.3m in seed financing to support women facing maternal mental health challenges.

FamilyWell Health is a behavioural health company that integrates specialised mental health services, such as coaching, therapy and psychiatry, into OB/GYN practices.

The platform aims to provide pregnant and postpartum patients with specialised support for depression, anxiety and other perinatal mental health concerns.

New mothers face dire maternal mental health challenges in the US, with a staggering one in seven women suffering from postpartum depression.

Individuals who seek treatment typically wait for months to be seen by a mental health provider and instead turn to their obstetricians, who are often hesitant to screen for mental health conditions knowing there is a shortage of therapists and psychiatrists.

“I had difficulty finding support when I experienced postpartum depression and have cared for countless new moms struggling to access mental health care during one of the most vulnerable periods of their lives,” said Dr Jessica Gaulton, founder and CEO of FamilyWell.

“My experience, both as a survivor and as a practicing neonatologist, inspired me to start FamilyWell to provide equitable, affordable, and accessible mental healthcare for new mothers.”

By partnering with OB providers, Gaulton said FamilyWell would increase access to mental health support for pregnant and postpartum individuals where and when they need it.

The funding, led by .406 Ventures with participation from GreyMatter Capital and Mother Ventures, is hoped to help the start-up scale throughout New England and expand nationally.

Payal Divakaran, partner at .406 Ventures, said: “Given our team’s deep experience backing innovative behavioural health and women’s health companies, we had been looking at this intersection for quite some time.

“FamilyWell offers an elegant solution that is a win-win for all stakeholders, including obstetric practices. Dr Gaulton and her team have built an incredible, mission-driven company poised to address a critical need in women’s mental health.”

Dr Melissa Sherman, medical director and obstetrician at Essex OB/GYN Associates, a FamilyWell customer, added: “When you’re pregnant or caring for a newborn, you can’t afford to wait months for help.

“With FamilyWell, patients get help within days and have ongoing support through one of the biggest transitions of their lives.”

To receive the Femtech World newsletter, sign up here.

Continue Reading

Menopause

‘Women crave the quick fix of a silver bullet’: menopause experts have their say on talking therapies

Talking therapies could reduce symptoms that may not be otherwise relieved through HRT, specialists have argued

Published

on

The recent research showing talking therapies could help women through menopause is a “fantastic step forward” in the advocation of choice, experts have said, warning that HRT alone will not reduce all symptoms.

Talking therapies, such as mindfulness and cognitive behavioural therapy, have been found to effectively treat menopause symptoms, such as low mood and anxiety.

Researchers from University College London have shown that the practices, which focus on developing behavioural patterns, coping strategies and relaxation techniques, could have benefits beyond those of HRT, including improved sleep, memory and concentration.

The techniques, experts told Femtech World, could help dampen down women’s physiological system, reducing symptoms that may not be otherwise relieved through HRT.

“Our ability to regulate the stress hormone is hampered during menopause, meaning we sit further up the stress scale than we did before,” said Dr Bev Taylor, psychologist and menopause educator.

“Stress also makes many menopausal symptoms worse, either in frequency or severity. These techniques reduce symptoms by dampening down our physiological system and bringing us back down the stress scale.”

The beauty of them, Taylor said, is that they can be used by anyone.

“Whether you can or want to take HRT or whether you want to use them alongside treatments like HRT, you can. This research is a fantastic step forward in the advocation of choice.”

Catherine Harland, menopause educator, coach and founder member of MenoClarity, said talking therapies had received a lot of backlash since the UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommended them in their updated guidelines.

“Whilst I understand how life-changing talking therapies can be, I fully appreciate why so many women crave the ‘quick fix of a silver bullet’ in the form of HRT as we have been taught this from a young age,” she said. “We have been taught to turn to pharmaceuticals for any symptoms we experience.”

Modern women, Harland said, live stressful, fast-paced lives, juggling a multitude of things and often feel too busy to fit talking therapies into the mix.

“Menopause is a highly sensitive time and it’s vital women begin to understand the importance of self-care which includes talking therapies and mindfulness.

“HRT alone will not reduce symptoms of stress, trauma and metabolic disease caused by living in a high cortisol state for long periods of time.”

Around 15 per cent of women aged 45 to 64 in England are currently prescribed HRT, which has increased rapidly in the last two years from around 11 per cent and continues to increase.

The main benefit of HRT, according to the NHS website, is that it can help relieve most menopause and perimenopause symptoms, including hot flushes, brain fog, joint pains, mood swings and vaginal dryness.

Draft NHS guidelines recommend offering cognitive behavioural therapy, alongside or instead of HRT.

Dr Shahzadi Harper, menopause specialist and founder of The Harper Clinic, said talking therapies could benefit women experiencing menopause symptoms and help them feel more in control. However, she said they should not be it at the forefront of the menopause conversation.

Dr Shahzadi Harper, menopause specialist and founder of The Harper Clinic

“Talking therapies do not address the inherent hormone deficiency that arises due to perimenopause and menopause and the long-term consequences of declining hormone levels,” Harper explained.

“I don’t think they should be at the forefront and definitely not instead of HRT. However, I do think they could be a useful tool, especially as the symptoms of menopause can be quite debilitating and affect mental health and mood.”

Dr Clare Spencer, menopause specialist, GP and co-founder of My Menopause Centre, said while HRT could help many women manage symptoms of the menopause, there would be some women who may continue to experience symptoms, such as poor sleep, low mood and anxiety, despite being on it.

“Women may face other difficulties at the time of the menopause that may be additional causes of stress which can also impact on experience of symptoms of the menopause.

Dr Clare Spencer, GP, menopause specialist and co-founder of My Menopause Centre

“In these cases, there is a place for talking therapies, such as cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness, to help break some of the vicious cycles that can then exist.

“There is also a role for talking therapies in helping women who have been advised not to take HRT or do not wish to.”

She said, however, that long NHS waiting lists could prevent women from getting the support they need.

“There is an issue with access to cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness-based therapies through the NHS which does need resolving to allow more women access timely support,” she added.

To receive the Femtech World newsletter, sign up here.

Continue Reading

Trending Posts

Receive updates from Femtech World

Sign up for updates from Femtech World

Trending

Copyright © 2023 Aspect Publishing Ltd. All Rights Reserved.